By H. L. Mencken
Maybe the 1st really vital publication in regards to the divergence of yankee English from its British roots, this survey of the language because it used to be spoken-and because it used to be changing-at the start of the twentieth century comes through one in all its such a lot inveterate watchers, journalist, critic, and editor HENRY LOUIS MENCKEN (1880-1956).In this reproduction of the 1921 "revised and enlarged" moment version, Mencken turns his willing ear on:
• the final personality of yankee English
• loan-words and non-English influences
• expletives and forbidden words
• American slang
• the way forward for the language
• and masses, a lot more.
Anyone interested by phrases will locate this a completely captivating examine the main changeable language at the face of the planet.
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Extra info for American Language Supplement 1
The other is the word list based on the text(s) which you want to study. The larger corpus will provide background data for reference comparison. For example, we saw above that the is the most frequent word in the LIBEL corpus of spoken academic English (table ); if we select one economics lecture from this corpus and generate a word list, we can also see that the is again the most frequent word. However, if we compare this economics lecture word list with the larger one from the LIBEL corpus using keyword software (such as that found in Wordsmith Tools), it will tell us which words occur with unusual frequency, or ‘keyness’.
In recent years, Biber et al. () conducted a seven-year grammar project which led to the creation of their corpus-based grammar of English. It focuses on American and British English and on the four registers of conversation, ﬁction writing, news writing, and academic writing. This grammar was based on the analysis of a million word corpus of spoken and written texts. Carter and McCarthy () based their grammar on the CIC, at that time consisting of over million words of English, constructed over a ten-year period and still in the process of development.
G. American, British, Irish, Australian, South African, Singaporean) means that this notion cannot easily be translated, or modelled, into one particular standard for the language classroom, although international publishers tend to focus on either American or British English as a model. Whether we are referring to contrived, invented or naturally-occurring samples of English, the choice of a particular variety for the ELT context, even down to ﬁne-grained choices of a particular regional or local variety, is inevitably to some degree a matter of ideology and invariably a political issue.