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A retrospective and prospective survey of Monte Carlo Method by Halton

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Theor Appl Genet 90:1068–1073 Bishop EM (2003) In search of ancient Oregon: a geological and natural history. , Portland Brasier C (2000) The rise of the hybrid fungi. Nature 405:134–135 Brasier CM (1990) China and the origins of Dutch elm disease: an appraisal. Plant Pathol 39:5–16 Brasier CM (2008) The biosecurity threat to the UK and global environment from international trade in plants. Plant Pathol 57:792–808 Brasier CM, Buck KW (2001) Rapid evolutionary changes in a globally invading fungal pathogen (Dutch elm disease).

Were it not for ex situ cultivation, F. alatamaha would now be extinct. Speculation about the causes of the loss of the single, naturally occurring population abounds (Rowland 2006), and that speculation includes the introduction of novel pathogens. Small populations are notoriously susceptible to stochastic forces of extinction that might include pathogens (Rosenzweig 2001b), as we have also briefly 1 Fungal Pathogens of Plants in the Homogocene 25 discussed. This is a serious concern for Wollemia nobilis that lacks genetic variation (Peakall et al.

There are no doubt other examples, but in brief summary, deliberately introduced fungi represent just a tiny fraction of global, fungal diversity. 11 Inadvertent Co-Introductions of Fungi in Plants Brasier highlights the dangers of inadvertent introductions of fungi by the modern plant trade (Brasier 2008). Even trees “up to 10 m tall with large root balls attached” are being moved from one country to another. Homogenization of previously isolated fungal communities above and belowground is thought to be inevitable if this trade persists.

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