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A Primer of Botanical Latin with Vocabulary by Emma Short

By Emma Short

Latin is one among applicable languages for describing new crops, and taxonomists needs to be in a position to translate prior texts in Latin. offering an easy clarification of Latin grammar in addition to an in-depth vocabulary, this is often an imperative consultant for systematic botanists around the globe. All correct components of speech are mentioned, with accompanying examples in addition to labored routines for translating diagnoses and outlines to and from Latin. directions for forming particular epithets also are incorporated. The authors cross-reference their grammar to Stearn's Botanical Latin and to articles within the overseas Code of Nomenclature for Algae, Fungi and vegetation. the excellent vocabulary is greater with phrases from contemporary glossaries for non-flowering vegetation - lichens, mosses, algae, fungi and ferns - making this a fantastic source for an individual seeking to hone their realizing of Latin grammar and to translate botanical texts from the earlier three hundred years

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Head Case Singular Nominative Accusative Genitive Dative Ablative caput caput capitis capiti capite the/a head (subject) the/a head (object) of a head to/for a head by/with/from a head Plural capita capita capitum capitibus capitibus the heads (subject) the heads (object) of the heads to/for the heads by/with/from the heads Nouns ending in -ux For the stem, the ‘x’ is replaced with ‘c’. ) a nut Case Nominative Accusative Genitive Dative Ablative Singular nux nucem nucis nuci nuce the/a nut (subject) the/a nut (object) of a nut to/for a nut by/with/from a nut Plural nuces nuces nucum nucibus nucibus the nuts (subject) the nuts (object) of the nuts to/for the nuts by/with/from the nuts 17 Comp.

Those ending in -us are declined as Group A adjectives. Those ending in -oides and -odes are similar to Group B adjectives. As with some Group B adjectives, in these the masculine and feminine are always the same (in both singular and plural), hence are combined in the second example. Example (like Group A): arachnoideus (spidery). Singular Masculine Nominative arachnoideus Plural Feminine Neuter Masculine arachnoidea arachnoideum arachnoidei Feminine Neuter arachnoideae arachnoidea arachnoideas arachnoidea Accusative arachnoideum arachnoideam arachnoideum arachnoideos Genitive arachnoidei arachnoideae arachnoidei arachnoideorum arachnoidearum arachnoideorum Dative arachnoideo arachnoideae arachnoideo arachnoideis arachnoideis arachnoideis Ablative arachnoideo arachnoidea arachnoideis arachnoideis arachnoideis arachnoideo Example (like Group B): schoenoides (like Schoenus).

Like bicolor is dispar (unlike, unequal). Singular Nominative Accusative Genitive Dative Ablative Plural Masculine, Feminine Neuter Masculine, Feminine Neuter bicolor bicolorem bicoloris bicolori bicolori bicolor bicolor bicoloris bicolori bicolori bicolores bicolores bicolorium bicoloribus bicoloribus bicoloria bicoloria bicolorium bicoloribus bicoloribus Example: elegans (elegant), with the ‘s’ replaced by ‘t’ to form the stem. Note that the ablative singular usually ends in ‘i’ but may end in ‘e’ (and that masculine and feminine are the same).

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