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A Grammar of Old Irish by Rudolf Thurneysen

By Rudolf Thurneysen

Even though the ebook was once essentially meant for philologists--its function being, within the author's phrases, 'to make outdated Irish available to these accustomed to the comparative grammar of the Indo-European languages'--it has been for greater than a iteration the normal paintings for all who've made previous Irish their precise research.

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Example text

How do you explain that? Is it seasonal? Well, it’s regular. Both cats claw at them and they come off. ) They come off? Yes, we’ve put a new collar on this one and so far she’s kept it. Oh, collar! I thought you said ‘color’. B’s identical pronunciation of ‘collar’ and ‘color’ reveals that he makes no phonemic distinction between /ś/ and /ƕ/. It is wishful thinking to imagine that second language speakers can understand and make themselves understood without having achieved close to a native phonological system on aspects of phonology such as phonemic distinctions, stress and syllable structure.

Grammatical aspect has to be clearly distinguished from the lexical or inherent aspect of the verb (this phenomenon is also referred to as aktionsart [aktions ϭ action; art ϭ manner’] (see Andersen & Shirai, 1994; Comrie, 1976). g. start, recognize, die, reach the summit,4 etc). These verbs or predicates are referred to as ‘telic’ (Greek telos ϭ ‘aim’). g. run a mile, make a chair, build a house, write a book, etc). These verbs and predicates are also referred to as ‘telic’. g. run, walk, play, sing, etc).

Again, -ing seems to be used as both a verb inflection to mark grammatical aspect and as an infinitive marker. In the fourth month of L2 exposure, the progressive is extended to past contexts (23, 25, 26, 27, 31). However, rather than marking past progressive, the use of the progressive replaces simple past. In Rohde (1997) I have argued that the use of the progressive in these contexts may be more transparent for the learners than simple past. 11 (26) suggests that Heiko gives a chronological account of the events, therefore, fixing is not target-like in this context.

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