By by Susan Smythe Kung.
This dissertation is a accomplished description of the grammar of Huehuetla Tepehua (HT), that's a member of the Totonacan language relatives. HT is spoken via fewer than 1500 humans in and round the city of Huehuetla, Hidalgo, within the japanese Sierra Madre mountains of the valuable Gulf Coast sector of Mexico. This grammar starts off with an advent to the language, its language relations, and its atmosphere, in addition to a short heritage of my touch with the language. The grammar keeps with an outline of the phonology of HT, by means of morphosyntactic and syntactic description of all the significant components of speech, together with verbs, nouns, adjectives, adverbs, and numbers; the grammar concludes with an outline of the sentence-level syntax. A compilation of interlinearized texts looks within the appendix. HT is a polysynthetic, head-marking language with advanced verbal morphology. Inflectional affixes comprise either prefixes and suffixes for which a templatic development is hard to version. as well as inflectional and derivational morphology, HT verbs also are host to loads of aspectual derivational morphemes, each one of which alters the that means of the verb in a truly particular means. Plural marking on either nouns and verbs for any 3rd individual argument is non-compulsory and decided through an animacy hierarchy, that is extensively utilized to figure out verbal argument marking in a variety of morphosyntactic buildings. HT nouns are thoroughly unmarked for case, and sure nouns, together with kinship phrases and elements of a complete, are obligatorily possessed. The order of the foremost elements is pragmatically made up our minds, with an inclination in the direction of VSO order within the absence of pragmatic or contextual clues and SVO order in context-rich textual examples. HT is an under-documented moribund language that's at drawing close threat of extinction in the subsequent two-to-three generations. therefore, this dissertation is a tremendous contribution not just to the sector of linguistics, but in addition to the Tepehua those that could sooner or later have an interest within the language in their grandparents. Read more...
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Additional resources for A descriptive grammar of Huehuetla Tepehua
She has analyzed the inflectional system (2005) and the templatic morphology of ideophones (2006, to appear). 5 OVERVIEW OF THE GRAMMAR Chapter 2: Phonology presents the Huehuetla Tepehua phonemes and their allophones, the practical orthography that I use to represent HT in all subsequent chapters, a phonemic merger that is currently taking place in the language, the syllable structure, rules for primary and secondary stress assignment, general phonological processes that occur in the language, and morphophonemic processes that affect the boundaries of particular morphemes.
In the summer of 2005, I returned to Catemaco to complete my third and final summer for the PDLMA. This time, because of family obligations at home in Texas, I spent only five weeks working on the project. Once again, don Nicolás was my principal consultant. During this time, I finished direct elicitation of the Bouquiaux Questionnaire. I tested all of the ethnobotanical and ethnozoological terms in the database, then don Nicolás sorted them all into taxonomies. We went through Melissa Bowerman’s Topological Picture Series (no date), which produced positional verbs, relational nouns, and prepositional phrases.
5 I met only one HT-dominant couple who spoke to their young toddler and pre-school aged children in HT; everyone else addressed their children and grandchildren in Spanish. Since I left the village, a teacher’s college has been constructed there, which has caused the non-HT-speaking population to increase and has lead to even more intermarriage between Tepehua and non-Tepehua, thereby reducing even more the likelihood that HT will be passed on to future generations. English—but not Tepehua—is taught in the local middle and high schools, and more and more people want to learn English in order to emigrate to the United States of America.